PROGRAM MISSION AND OBJECTIVES
The history of the Romanian Language for Foreign Students Preparatory Year programme begins in the year 2012, when “Dunărea de Jos” University of Galaţi was authorized by the then-Ministry of Education to organize several courses of Romanian as a foreign language for international students interested in attending a Romanian university. Since then, the number of participants in the preparatory year Romanian language courses has grown every year, and areas of interest have become increasingly diverse, in line with new university programmes, which has required the adaptation of existing curricula to new requirements.
Prior to the program’s debut, starting in 2005, the faculty members of the Department of General Sciences in the Cross-Border Faculty of Humanities, Economics, and Engineering (FTSUEI) organized and taught Romanian language courses for international undergraduate students (the majority of whom were ERASMUS students) and PhD students attending “Dunărea de Jos” University of Galaţi. It is also important to mention that, before the commencement of this program, as a result of the numerous cross-border collaborations which the university had cultivated and conducted along with higher-education institutions from the Republic of Moldova, three training programs have been operational in Galaţi: a Romanian language course for foreign citizens living temporarily in Romania; a training course for teachers of Romanian from neighbouring countries; and a course in teaching methods applied for Romanian as a foreign language. These programs were managed by FTSUEI faculty members, through the Department of Continuing Education and Technology Transfer at “Dunărea de Jos” University of Galaţi. The latter department also initially managed the preparatory year program due to the fact that, at the time, there was a requirement in place which mandated that university programs which did not grant a bachelor’s, master’s, or doctoral diploma be operated via the above-mentioned department, at the initiative and under the coordination of organizing faculties.
Starting with the 2018-2019 academic year, the Romanian Language for Foreign Students Preparatory Year program will be operated exclusively as a Cross-Border Faculty of Humanities, Economics, and Engineering program, independently from the Department of Continuing Education and Technology Transfer, given the faculty’s cross-border and international profile, and also the diversification and expansion of activities carried out by FTSUEI faculty members who teach Romanian as a foreign language.
MISSION AND OBJECTIVES
The study program Preparatory Year of Romanian Language for Foreign Citizens of the Faculty of Cross-Border Science, Humanities, Economics and Engineering of the “Dunarea de Jos” University in Galati has as its mission the formation and development of language and communication skills in the Romanian language for non-native speakers, as well as the cultivation of foreigners’ interest in Romanian culture and civilization, enabling them to integrate into the socio-professional and academic environment of Romanian.
Following the participation in this program, students will obtain at the end of the two intensive semesters of the Romanian language B1 oral and written communication skills, according to CECR (Common European Framework of Reference).
The program allows, through its structure, which provides both practical courses of Romanian language as well as courses and seminars of specialized languages, a gradual assimilation of knowledge, ensuring an individual path adapted to each level of training and guaranteeing specific methods of work. The courses and seminars of specialized language specific to each field of study that the graduates of the preparatory year will allow to acquire solid knowledge to help them during their academic course in the Romanian universities.
The priority objectives of the study program mentioned above are aimed at acquiring Romanian as a foreign language in all its aspects; therefore, language users must correctly acquire the particularities of pronunciation and writing of the Romanian language; to acquire the skills to work properly with specialized dictionaries; to quickly and correctly assimilate grammatical and lexical information received; identify essential information from an oral or written message; to grasp the unknown lexical units in the flow of speech and to understand them contextually; to grasp the grammatical correctness of a statement and / or lexical forms; to correctly link the phrases in the written text, using correctly the spelling and punctuation marks specific to the Romanian language. The assimilation of the lexic and the grammatical structures of the Romanian language and their application in the current conversation, the acquisition of the competences of reception and elaboration of texts specific to the specialty domain chosen and to the academic environment all define the objectives of the study program.
In this specialization, foreign students are trained to meet the requirements of studying in Romanian by non-native speakers. The acquired competences consist of theoretical and practical knowledge of Romanian language in the correct reception of B1 oral and written discourses, according to CECR, in the fluent and spontaneous production of oral and written texts (on different themes) for level B1, adapting vocabulary and style depending on the recipient, the type of text, and the subject treated.
Studying the Romanian Study Program The preparation of Romanian language for foreign citizens provides, in the end, the following basic competences:
a) Professional Competencies
- Effective, written and oral communication in Romanian, as described by the Council of Europe as described in Level B1 of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CECR).
- Using the phonetic, lexical and grammatical system of the Romanian language to understand and produce oral and written messages (general language).
- Use of vocabulary and grammar structures specific to the specialized language, in order to understand the specialized documentation in Romanian.
- Oral and written communication in the academic context.
b) Transversal competencies
- Open to intercultural communication.
- Integration into the Romanian cultural and socio-professional environment.
- The ability to perceive the phenomena of Romanian culture and civilization from the point of view of cultural diversity.
- Ability to function effectively in the context of globalization and the cross-border economy
The graduates, who obtain the 60 credits plus the 10 of the completion of the study exam, receive at the end of the courses a Certificate of graduation of the preparatory year and have the right to enroll in the chosen study program at the “Dunarea de Jos” University “From Galati or from any other university in Romania.
Taking into account the ethnic diversity of participants in Romanian language courses, the program favors intercultural communication and ensures a favorable climate for discussion on various topics of interculturality.
The definition of the content of the preparatory year for the Romanian language learning is done through the educational plan for a full year of training, endorsed by the Board of Directors and approved by the UDJG Senate, drafted in accordance with
Specific standards for the preparatory year of the Romanian language for citizens aliens approved by ARACIS.
Romanian language courses for foreign students taught by specialists in the teaching of Romanian as a foreign language are addressed to students from the preparatory year who come to Romania for undergraduate, masters, doctoral, postgraduate studies in different fields of study. They must at the end of the two semesters have at least (B1) communication skills (according to CECR descriptors).
The learning units comprise texts from different domains, useful to students in discovering Romanian social and cultural realities, complemented by a lexicon adapted to their communication needs, grammar problems for all, varied exercises that approach all the compartments of the language and which combine effectively and attractive the vocabulary knowledge with those of phonetics, morphology and Romanian syntax. The well-structured, application-oriented working materials are handbooks and tests and exercises developed by specialists in the field, including the team of teaching staff teaching this study program in the UDJG.
The course Culture and Civilization designed for foreign students in the preparatory year offers relevant information about the geography, history, literature, folklore, traditions, music, culture, civilization and Romanian art that familiarize foreigners with what is meant by the Romanian cultural model, but integrated into the European cultural model, thus helping to the cultural integration of the target audience.
The course summarizes the fundamental themes of Romanian spirituality (founding myths, birth, wedding, death, winter and spring celebrations, etc.) from ancient times to the present. The theoretical part of the course is supported by a series of audio-video materials, meant to illustrate by means of music and image the symbols of the Romanian culture.
ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE PROGRAM
The Preparatory Year of Romanian Language for Foreign Citizens organizes day courses planned for 2 semesters, summing up a 60 credits. The completion of the studies is to support a written and oral graduation exam in Romanian, whereby the students will receive the B1 graduation certificate according to the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CECR) and a descriptive supplement, in accordance with the rules in force. Also, throughout the year, students are evaluated and enrolled in all disciplines, according to the standards established by the curriculum and the discipline sheets.
The Romanian language course consists of 25 hours per week in the first semester (30 credits) and 11 hours per week in the second semester (18 credits). The assessment is made continuously during the semester by noting the topics, by periodical tests (50%) and by the end of the semester by a written and oral examination (50%).
The course of Romanian culture and civilization is scheduled for 4 hours and 6 credits for the second semester, and in order to be able to pass the exam, the students must have participated in 75% of the number of hours and have at least passed half of the themes given for individual study and presented in class.
Teaching activities in specialized languages, conducted during the second semester according to the field chosen by each student, are provided with a number of 10 hours per week (6 credits) and are closed with a check.
All forms of evaluation are made in notes from 1 to 10, the minimum promotion mark being 5. Participation in the final exam of the preparatory year and, implicitly, the graduation certificate is conditioned by the promotion of all forms of evaluation. The order of passing the exams must be A1 to B1 (eg exam B1 can not be passed before A2).
The graduates of the preparatory year for the Romanian language learning, as a result of the graduation certificate, have access to bachelor, master, doctorate, postgraduate programs of continuous professional development and postgraduate programs, organized in Romanian, on the territory Romania.
Assoc. Prof. Gina Aurora NECULA
Romanian preparatory year, academic year 2018 – 2019
Program Duration: one year (October to June)
Start date: October 15
Diploma obtained: Certificate of linguistic competence